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arises out of compassion and dedicated devotion to the divine  and the universal brotherhood of man. This substitution is not a simple process. One may think of the mind-complex as a large reservoir of vAsanAs, the contents of which cannot be poured out. So in order to 'substitute' good vAsanAs for bad ones, all one can do is really to 'pour' more and more good vAsanAs into the reservoir and dilute its badness.
Punya karmas will create vAsanAs which will gradually overwhelm the pattern of sin that exists in the mind. The gItA gives us a clear recipe for exactly this breaking of the vAsanA-thought-action chain which takes us down the scale of samsAra. The gItA says: 'Do your assigned duty and do it in the spirit of yajna'. That is, do your duty because you have to do it. It is not important to do what you want to do but rather it is important to begin to like to do what you have to do. Do it without desire. Do it as if it were a part you have to play and you have no stake in your part. The real stakes are beyond the play. Within the play one should have no desire or attachment. This is the spirit of yajna.
The quality of a 'doer' of actions has been classified by the gItA in the standard three-fold way. The lowest type of  'doer'  has no control  (ayuktaH)  over himself. He is unsteady in his application. His low instincts and impulses prod him on to behave in a vulgar (prAkRta) way. And he becomes dishonest (SaTaH) and so unbending (stabdhaH) that he is stubborn in his errors and obstinate in his stupidity.  He is bent upon creating quarrels and disputes and so the world knows him to be malicious (naishkRtikaH). Avoiding all creative endeavours, productive or purposeful, he is a model of indolence (alasaH). Consequently he becomes unable to meet life's challenges and so is despondent (vishAdI). Naturally he postpones  (dIrgha-sUtrI) everything until it is too late.  Such a person is called a tAmasa-kartA: (gItA, 18 -28):

ayuktaH prAkRtaH stabdhaH SaTo naishkRtiko'lasaH /
vishAdI dIrgh-sUtrI ca kartA tAmasa ucyate

No student, for instance, would like to belong to this category either in his student-life or afterwards.  We all know what it means to be a good student. We think that it is the type of work, described as that of the better 'doer' ( that is, better than the one  classified as tAmasa-kartA) described in the gItA itself, the doer who is called a rAjasic (=dynamic, passionate) doer. gItA 18 - 27:

rAgI karma-phala-prepsuH lubdho himsAtmako'SuciH /
harsha-SokAnvitaH kartA rAjasaH parikIrtatah
Passionate, desiring to gain the fruits-of-actions,
greedy, harmful, impure, full of delight and grief,

Aug.2, '99  ©Copyright  V. Krishnamurthy  Home  Contents   Next