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Verse No.0

mauna-vyAkhyA-prakaTita-para-brahma-tatvaM yuvAnaM
varshishTAnte vasad-Rshi-gaNair-AvRtaM brahma-nishTaiH /
AcAryendraM kara-kalita-cin-mudram-Ananda-rUpaM
svAtmArAmAM mudita-vadanaM SrI-dakshiNA-mUrtim-IDe //

MAUNAMA-MURAIYAR-KATTU-MAPPIRAMA-VATTU-VALAN
SIVA-NILAITTAVAR-SAR-CIDAR  SERI-KURU VARAN SIR-KAIYAN
UVAGAIYOR-URUVAN TANNUL-LUVAPPAVAN KALI-MUGATTAN
AVANAIYAN TENPAN MURTTI YAPPANAI YETTUVOME //

I propitiate that dakshiNA-mUrti, who is the Transcendental Absolute declared by an  eloquence called Silence, who is a youth, who is the best of the Gurus surrounded by great disciples who are themselves firmly rooted in  brahman, who is the prince among preceptors, who shows by his hand the cin-mudrA, who is Bliss personified, who revels in His own Self and who always radiates happiness.

This has been numbered verse No.0  because, it is not part of the dakshiNA-mUrti ashTakam. But it is traditionally  recited as a preliminary verse to the hymn. Maybe it was also composed by Sankara himself. It propitiates that form  of Lord Siva  by which  He is known as a youthful world teacher seated beneath the sacred fig-tree, facing South (dakshiNa means 'south') and teaching elderly disciples through silence.  The South indicates a downward path (spiritually)  and the North indicates an upward path. He faces south so that we may face Him and therefore face north, that is, face the side of, and look forward to,  Immortality.  The word dakshiNA means  also 'efficient'. He is the One who can teach us the most difficult thoughts in the most efficient manner.  He is the teacher of all teachers. He is the Ultimate which is inaccessible  even to the mind and speech. His silence is an eloquence of the Experience of Bliss. He is the Form which makes us understand if only we make the effort. The Absolute and its Energy -- namely, the Lord and the Mother Goddess -- have sometimes two different Forms, sometimes a single form in which it is half  masculine and half  feminine - the classical ardha-nArISvara Form - and sometimes they have a third Form in which one of them is subordinate to the other. In the Form of kAmAkshi the Lord is subordinate and the feminine Sakti is dominant. In the Form of dakshiNA-mUrti, the Lord is the dominant factor;  here is the Form where there is no  explicit

July 31, 99  ©Copyright  V. Krishnamurthy  Home  Contents   Next