GUESS WHO? continued
The List goes on. A comprehensive compilation of these coincidences can be found in John Leslie's book Universes.
The depth of the mystery involved here has been captured best by astronomer Fred Hoyle, the former proponent of the steady state theory:

All that we see in the universe of observation and fact, as opposed to the mental state of scenario and supposition, remains unexplained. And even in its supposedly first second the universe itself is acausal. That is to say, the universe has to know in advance what it is going to be before it knows how to start itself. For in accordance with the Big Bang Theory, for instance, at a time of (10 to the power minus 43) seconds the universe has to know how many types of neutrino there are going to be at a time of one second. This is so in order that it starts off expanding at the right rate to fit the eventual number of neutrino types.(Fred Hoyle, The Origin of the Universe and the Origin of Religion, Wakefield: RI: Moyer Bell, 1993, p.19)
Hoyle's notion of the universe needing to 'know in advance' later outcomes captures the depth of the mystery. The fine-tuning of seemingly heterogeneous values and ratios necessary to get from the big bang to life as we know it involves intricate coordination over vast differences in scale -- from the galactic level down to the subatomic one -- and across multi-billion-year tracts of time. Hoyle, who coined the term 'big bang' has questioned the very legitimacy of the metaphor of an initial 'explosion'. 'An explosion in a junkyard does not lead to sundry bits of metal being assembled into a useful working machine', he writes. (Hoyle, p.18). The more physicists have learned about the universe, the more it looks like a put-up job.
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February 18, 1999