(Continued from page 3)

The beautiful analogy of the step on the mountain being  the same as a step on Earth, is cited here.  This analogy, to my limited knowledge,  appears to be available nowhere else in the vast scriptural literature of Hinduism.  That shows the originality of the vedas; they don't repeat what everybody else says; they have their own original way of expression! This verse by itself is enough to quell the doubting critic  of the vedas, in connection with the mention, in the vedas, of  the various gods, agni, varuna, vayu, soma, surya, indra, etc.  The  criticism is usually of the following kind. Throughout the vedic literature one finds that sometimes it is varuNa, the Divinity representing Water, sometimes it is agni, the fire-God and some other times it is indra the Lord of the divines  that are eulogised with superlatives.  For instance, cf.

agnir-mUrdhA divaH /
Fire-God is the King of the Divine World.
sUrya AtmA jagatas-tasthushaSca /
The Sun-God is the soul of the mobile as well as the immobile.
indro yAto'vasitasya rAjA /
Indra is the King of the mobile and the immobile.
Apo vA idam sarvaM /
Water is this Universe.

The earliest western readers who came into contact with this literature  propounded the thought process that during the vedic times it was all pantheism or polytheism and only later, almost at the end of the first millenium B.C. that the One God idea came up. This thought process may be a welcome line of research for occidental thinking. But if you look at the superlatives being used in the same manner and language for each vedic deity one cannot but conclude that the last words are those passages where each such deity is considered as only one expression of the many-faceted supreme Almighty.  And here is the verse in the Sruti gItA which should put an end to such wild speculations of the uninformed reader.

Probably this is  the place to bring in the relevance of 'ahamasmi brahmahamasmi' in the aghamarshana sukta. We shall, God willing,  come back to this at some future time.  Right now the reader may ignore this note by the author to himself.

Verse No.17: Sruti-gItA - 4

dRtaya iva Svasanty-asubRto yadi te'nuvidhA

Sep.20, 99  ©Copyright  V. Krishnamurthy  Home  Contents  Next