(Continued from page 5)
6. MuNDaka-Upanishad gives three analogies for the relationship between the universe and brahman. For details go to page 2 of The Absolute As It Is.
7.The Chandogya-Upanishad (I-9-1) explains what happens at the time of dissolution.
sarvANi ha va imAni bhUtAni, AkASAdeva samutpadyante,
AkASaM pratyastaM yAnti /
All these elemental principles emanate from Space
and they finally dissolve into Space. :
In the taittirIya-Upanishad also, after the statement that they all come from 'yat' it is said (III-1) that they finally dissolve into 'yat'.:
yat prayanty-abhisamviSanti /
A thing may be said to be produced from its efficient cause but it cannot return to that at dissolution unless it is also the material cause. This verse rejects the theory of the philosophy of NyAya and the philosophy of sAnkhya. The former holds that the atomic elements are the material cause of the universe. The latter holds that the three guNas satva, rajas, and tamas constitute the material casue of the universe. Both are rejected and this verse establishes that just as the plant was in the seed so also the universe was in its latent state in the Atman-brahman and by its inherent mAyA power it appears as manifest.
yasyaiva sphuraNam sadAtmakam-asat-kalpArthakaM bhAsate
sAkshAt-tat-tvam-asIti veda-vacasA yo bodhayaty-ASritAn /
yas-sAkshAtkaraNat bhavenna punarAvRttir-bhavAmbhonidhau
tasmai SrI-guru-mUrtaye nama idaM SrI-dakshiNA-mUrtaye //
EVANOLI YUNMAI INMAI IYAIPORULIL-ANGU NERE
EVAN ADU NIYANAY-ENRISAITTUNARTTUVAN CERNDORAI
EVANAI NER KANIN MINDUMIP-PAVAK-KADAL VIZHVILLAI
TAVARURU KURUVAM-ANDAD-DAKSHINA-MURTTI PORRI //
To Him whose luminosity of Absolute Truth alone, shines forth in the false world of appearance, to Him who instructs those who resort to Him through the vedic text 'That Thou Art', to Him by realising whom there will be no further return to the cycle of transmigration, to Him of the form of the Guru, (who is attained by kinesis ), the blessed dakshinA-mUrti, is this prostration.
The phenomenal appearance of the universe is actually the
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