Gita-Nectar: I - 40 to 46 with English Comments

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p#ycdbryaEt: Amt| /Nacl| .

savaIysamgay| vand: p#kzk]t: ..40..

Aank\yy s|kp: p#atk\yvsjIn| . rXytt vas|

gaEOvvrN| tTa . AamnXEpkapIy| xfqvDa SrNagt: iyrya p#tk\l|

yjOv| p#ykqyaEtrtyItE . etdEvakaSltya baEytE . AakaS: Ay|

it yEn OanEn gytE tdqOany sckvat l||gSdy gmkaTIvat AakaS ev

l||gmt ytE . vmn ln| tv| gmytt l|||gSdE n⢳: . pvItag#E

yman: Dm: Ag"ElImyah: . vymEv np#tyaEgk| yaEt:

svaIpdaTaInyvBasyn l|gOymp kbLk]y AByaEpaDx rajmanEn

mhsa svIlaEkSry| Bvt . yOv ADtt svI laEka: . vyaEtx:

ekyWv yapkvat smta ty . tt ev savaIy| Bvt . ettp#kznmEv

samganmyytE . g|gaEpOhEtrEv| it . ras@fasmyE ya raDa p#aNSqyamtya

uytE t@fakalvEdaEm it nytE ..40..

I - 40: The universal Light that is within is indicated by the symbolism of the empty Space in Chidambaram which word itself means the Space of Consciousness. Empty Space indicates the presence of the Awareness of emptiness. This indication is the symbolism meant by the word lingaM. The etymology of the word lingaM shows that it points to the principle hidden within itself. All this universe is established in That Universal Principle of Consciousness. The declaration of this Uniformity of the Substratum is called the music of the sAma that is, that which sings the Glory of the Bliss within.

The discussion now switches to the esoteric concept about gangA

 

vNpadaEva g|ga raDas|gan:sta .

rj:p#Dana g|gEt svpa srvt ..41..

yamna c tmaE pa nOgyamtp#da .

gtaTI: p#ygWt| Oang|gap#vahk]t .. 42 ..

vNaEjaIta g|ga vNrEv . Aama vW pOnamast tE: . yE yE DmaI: jaytE

iyytE tE svI DmaI: tvt: n jayt ev . jnnaIm pvI| smtya AvTty

ABy: . evmEv g|ga gta gayO iyad vNp#aNSErEv raDEt yvharat

SSmtaErnyvac raDas|gSnamEv ekWkgNp#Dantya ndpW: nam"@ytE .

gNsayavTaya Amtnam . tdEv nOgyamWyOan| iyah: . ydEv gtas

urrk]t| Bgvta .. 41, 42 ..

I - 41, 42: That which comes from the Lord is the Lord Himself. Birth means manifestation of what was unmanifest earlier. Thus whether it is ganGA or gitA or gAyatrI -- they all are different manifestations of the same Absolute. The rivers gangA, sarasvatI and yamunA manifest different facets of such manifestation. gangA was born of the sweat of the sport, as it were, of Krishna with RadhA and represents the rajo-guNa, latent in the Absolute. sarasvatI and yamunA represent the satva and the tamas respectively of the Absolute. When these qualities are in equilibrium that is called the nectar of attributelessness. This is what is spoken of sky-high in the gItA which is therefore the gangA of Knowledge. The essence of the gItA is the core of the science of advaita.

 

gBItaryt Oan| grEv SrN| c n: .

yTa mhavaypdW: SaEky trN| BvEt .. 43 ..

i| vty ctyt: ydrmN| ( ? -ed.) tEn kam: dyt it Baykara: . tEn SaEkv:

ABmty vtn: Ayt ABav ev SaOEx npt: . ya yqya AtrXya c

ypdaTaInamXgaEcraNa| Avtv| vOay ttaE{p 袾: p#tnvyItE cEt

vvBavsatt Bvt AamWyOananBvaE{p s|Bvt . yy nst| vEda:

it vEdgramEv iIrv| p#tpatE . vEdpxs evEt mhdKftvvNmp

sklkyaNhEtBIvt .. 43 ..

I- 43: The utmost authority for everything in this sanAtana-dharma is the collection of the Vedas. The purpose of the Vedas is to take us to the ultimate spiritual achievement, namely the Realisation of the Self. What we see or infer in our worldly activities is after all transitory because our attention never stays in any one of them. The Vedas which tell us what the Ultimate Truth is, are said to be the very breath of the Almighty Absolute. So they should be our ultimate refuge. And that is the way we have to cross the ocean of misery.

 

k]NyaEt: p#aNS: gayO ttp#Ba mta .

raD"aEt kaman rasES raDa p#aNaDdEvta .. 44 ..

uma g|ga k]NvaN gtalaEkaXraN h .

tdTaI d# evEt vagTaI c ss|yt .. 45 ..

magvtayaE{y| p#yX: k]N ev h iyvay p#kzk]t| Bgvta .

Bgvmhmap#tpadnEn Bgvt: svIgtv| ukqva taSBgvyEv

AnyvEnapIta DmaI: BgvtvpmEv p#tpadyt it sP[zk]t| .

tCrp svIO smtya vtIt ev . cOaphart AatanakxIt

Bgvan . Aak]ana| gaEpnamp A^ttmaE laB: Aast . yEn etasvaI:

tn nran pS| k]Nakaran dS: . Ak]NTlad nayEv it nyat

vmEkamk| pyEt iyvay BgvѤpdESsaTIkaE Bvt . AnEkamkdSInhEt

Ast dEhad ABnvES: yEn vaTIB#|SaE Bvt . p#Baprt| vt p#BamymEv n t

tYtr| it svI| yjatmp BgvnmymEv . vagTaIvEv nampE it gtaXrpd

vayayp AKlayp umamkan tdTI ev d#a|S: it d#dyaEpnxmtansartya

g#Ttan . tmady| SkaEpdES: prvBavkmaIN n p#S|sE grqhyEt it

eEyOanp#tb|Dkvat .. 45 ..

I - 44, 45: Radha is the presiding deity for prANa, the vital air. The Energy behind this prANa is the Lord Himself. The spark of this energy is gAyatrI. The spark is nothing but the Light from which it sparks. The universe therefore filled with those sparks is just the Lord Himself. The identity between the Word and its Meaning indicates that the words of the gItA, which have come from the mouth of the Lord are the personifications of His Energy, that is the goddess umA. The rudra-hRdayopaniiSad which is taught to the sage zuka by vyAsa says exactly this.

 

yaE{s svIgtaE dEv: ctvp nrn: .

d#vk]tamtrs: Aay: p#aNnamh .. 46 ..

svIgtv| c Bgvt: n TlYa saDt| . Ov@mavtarE yt p#dSIt| vamnEn

tsvI| maykmEv . XNkvat . yaEgSqypvat . nySyapkv| t

sm袾g#a/mEv . OatOanOEyadpEN taSp| ysmtm| tdEvamak|

jvkaEzna| TavraNa| c Aay: . tmadTmEv svIlaEkSry: p#B: it

SrNagtrhy| AO p#kz@ytE .. 46 ..

I - 46: The pervasion of the Absolute in everything is not a physical phenomenon. It is a subtle fact as well as mystic feat. In the trivikrama-avatara, if the little vAmana filled up the whole world it is because of His mAyA. That was only for the moment. But what is an eternal pervasion is beyond the concrete plane of understanding. It is to that Absolute we should surrender by a process of the melting of our hearts.

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Notation for Transliteration of Sanskrit words in the Comments

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Copyright V. Krishnamurthy Dec.10, 2000. Revised Oct.31,2006